Se ti stai preparando per l’esame multilivello IELTS, è bene attraverso questa simulazione pratica, sapere come è strutturata la prova del Reading. Potrai così prepararti al meglio e poter aspirare a un punteggio (band) alto.
Conoscere in maniera approfondita la prova dell’IELTS Reading infatti ti sarà utile per evitare errori. Fidati della nostra esperienza.
In questo articolo scoprirai com’è fatta la prova del Reading. Potrai anche fare un tentativo di simulazione con alcuni esercizi. Troverai le risposte in fondo.
Academic e General Training
I testi nella versione Academic provengono dal mondo accademico e della ricerca. Quelli del General Training sono testi che trattano argomenti della vita di tutti giorni.
punti 20 = band (punteggio) 5.5
24 = band 6
27 = band 6.5
30 = band 7
32 = band 7.5
35 = band 8
37 = band 8.5
punteggio >39 = band 9
Nel IELTS Reading ci sono 4 prove, ognuna vale il 25%. Visto che ci sono 40 domande nel Reading, come punteggio ogni domanda vale circa 0.6. Quindi non andare nel panico se non conosci la risposta di una o due domande. Ci sono sempre le altre a cui rispondere.
Il testo tratta un determinato argomento. Su questo ci vengono presentate delle frasi. Per ognuna delle frasi indicherai se ognuna di questa è vera (TRUE), falsa (FALSE) oppure se l’articolo non fa alcun riferimento a quanto detto nella frase (NOT GIVEN). Perché non provi a vedere come te la cavi?
Why is soil crucial to us?
Soil plays a major part in supporting life on earth.
Soil is everywhere, in our parks, gardens, farmland, beneath our feet and under our pavements. But this extraordinary and valuable substance is often overlooked and dismissed as ‘dirt’.
We fundamentally rely on soil. It produces 95 percent of our food, be it the crops we eat, or grasses and other plants to feed animals for meat. And this is just one aspect of the goodness of the ground.
“Soil is one of the most underrated and little understood wonders on our fragile planet”, says Professor Bridget Emmett of the UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, in The Miracle of Soil, a short animation to explain the power of soil and the need to care for its health.
To grow, plants need not only minerals from soil but also carbon dioxide from air in order to make food by photosynthesis – and some of this carbon goes into the ground. Soil stores an extraordinary amount of carbon – three times the amount in the atmosphere and twice the amount in trees and forests. While soil can store or ‘sequester’ carbon, it can also lose it when degraded. The loss of carbon in poor soils contributes to the rise of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, one of the gases that cause climate change.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?Write TRUE if the statement agrees with the information, FALSE if the statement contradicts the information, NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this.
In questo tipo esercizio, bisogna leggere dei paragrafi e collegarli a un titolo, ma attenzione! Ci sono più titoli rispetto ai paragrafi del testo. Have a go! Scegli il titolo giusto per ogni paragrafo.
Reading Passage 1 has two (more in the exam) sections, A-B. Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below.
Soil is key to fighting diseases of the future.
In just one gram of soil, it’s estimated there could be 50 thousand species of micro-organisms, and in a single teaspoon, there are more individual micro-organisms than the world’s entire human population. This biologically and chemically-rich substance has produced some of the antibiotic compounds that fight disease. “We literally make medicine from our soil”, says Professor Emmett.
Crucially, this rich ‘soil-web’ of underground life creates an open structure. This allows rainwater to seep into the ground, storing moisture for plants to make crops grow well, even in times of drought. It also prevents flooding, an important function as global warming makes extreme and uncertain rainfall more prevalent in the UK and around the world.
Questo esercizio richiede invece la lettura di un testo e di scegliere la risposta giusta tra quelle fornite.
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D
1. The first paragraph argues that farming
a) has a detrimental effect on soil.
b) is often engaged in practices which are harmful to soil.
c) has improved efficiency over the years.
d) is limited in a yearly cycle.
2. What does the paragraph say about pesticides?
a) That they are essential to farming.
b) They are part of a short-sighted approach.
c) They can be employed more effectively.
d) They have limited use in farming.
The issues of soil relate directly to our food because around 70 percent of the UK’s soils are managed by farming. Soil experts strongly criticise the idea we have a finite number of harvests left, but say there is still an urgent need to look after the ground better. Modern agriculture has a number of practices that can damage soil health and lock farmers into a cycle of adding more to get less. Ploughing up the ground and other uses of heavy machinery when soil is wet damage its rich biology and vital structure. Monocropping (growing a single crop year after year) arable crops such as wheat and barley extracts nutrition from the soil and encourages weeds and pests.
All this creates the need for chemical inputs of artificial fertilisers, with a heavy carbon footprint (about one percent of all global carbon dioxide emissions), and pesticides and herbicides to help plants grow, further destroying the complex nature of our land. Sugar beet, for example, is estimated to cause 10 percent of UK annual topsoil loss, according to a report by the food and environment campaigning group Feedback.
In questa parte dell’esame, ci sono delle frasi con degli spazi vuoti, bisognerà quindi riempire gli spazi con le parole giuste tratte dal testo.
The loss of top soil often leads to _____(1) (floods) and _____ (2) (pollution).
We are losing much _____ (3) than it is being replaced
Poor soil affects us all
Good soil can store water for plants, but bad soil is linked to floods and pollution
Despite its importance, a third of the world’s soils are degraded, says the United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organisation. This is leading to a number of problems and costs money – an estimated £1.2bn a year in England and Wales.
Degraded soil is more easily washed away by rain, losing high-quality topsoil important for crop growth. Globally we’re losing soil 10 to 40 times faster than it can be replenished. The UK has relatively deep soils and a mild climate compared to other countries, but in some erosion hotspots we’re still losing up to 2cm of soil a year.
Ci sono poi altre tipologie di domande. Perché non provi a fare un esercizio gratis sulla nostra piattaforma, dove potrai anche provare una lezione del nostro Corso di Preparazione IELTS Online?
Clicca qui (dovrai iscriverti al nostro sito per accedervi. L’iscrizione è gratuita!)
Paragraph A: 2
Paragraph B: 3
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