To be affirmative (positivo)
I am Spanish (io sono spagnolo)
- He is from Kenya (lui viene da Kenya);
- She is tall (lei è alta);
- It is late (è tardi).
We/You (singular/plural) /They are
- We are Italians (noi siamo Italiani);
- You are in room C (sei/siete nella stanza 6);
- They are ready (loro sono pronti).
To be negative (negativo)
I am not
- I am tall but I am not thin (io sono alto ma non magro);
- He is not OR he isn’t .
- He is not/isn’t my brother, he is my friend;
- She is not OR she isn’t.
- Lucy(she) is not/isn’t at work, she is out.
- It is not OR it isn’t
- It isn’t raining, it’s snowing.
We/You/They are not or aren’t
- We are not Spanish;
- They aren’t from South America
- You aren’t late, the party is at 8 o’clock.
To be questions (domande)
- Am I late? No you are on time. (Sono in ritardo? No sei in orario.)
Is your mother at home?
Is he American?
Is she busy later?
Are we ready? (Siamo pronti?)
Are you at school at the moment? (Siete a scuola ora?)
Are they interested in football? (Sono interessati nel calcio?)